Friday, February 22, 2019
Music Therapy Essay
symphony therapy is the work of symphony by health care professionals to bear on improve and enhance quality of life for their tolerants. Music therapy whitethorn be utilise to encourage emotional expression, promote social interaction, relieve symptoms, and for different purposes. Music therapists may use active or passive methods with patients, depending on the individual patients needs and abilities. The idea of practice of medicine as a healing influence which could strike health and behavior is as least as old as the writings of Aristotle and Plato. Native Americans and otherwise indigenous pigeonholings invite used medicament to enhance traditional healing practices for centuries. tralatitious Chinese medicine practiti one and only(a)rs open used unison for healing. Traditional ragas (melodic modes used in classical medicament in India) soak up in like manner been used to create different states of mind for healing.The 20th hundred profession form eithery be gan after human beings War I and World War II when community musicians of all types, both amateur and professional, went to Veterans hospitals more or less the country to play for the thousands of veterans suffering both somatogenetic and emotional combat injury from the wars. The patients nonable physical and emotional responses to music led the doctors and nurses to request the hiring of musicians by the hospitals. It was soon evident that the hospital musicians needed some prior prepare before entering the facility and so the demand grew for a college curriculum. A very brief historical glimpse of this fascinating profession follows, below. The earliest known reference to music therapy appeared in 1789 in an unsigned article in Columbian Magazine titled Music Physically Considered. In the early 1800s, writings on the therapeutic respect of music appeared in two medical dissertations, the initiative published by Edwin Atlee (1804) and the second by Samuel Mathews (1806). Atlee and Mathews were both students of Dr. Benjamin Rush, a physician and psychiatrist who was a unattackable proponent of using music to treat medical disorders. The 1800s also byword the first recorded music therapy intervention in an institutional context (Blackwells Island in New York) as well as the first recorded systematic experiment in music therapy (Cornings use of music to alter dream states during psychotherapy). Early associations with the interest in music therapy continued to gain support during the early 1900s leading to the formation of several(prenominal)short-lived associations. In 1903, Eva Augusta Vescelius installed the National Society of Musical Therapeutics. In 1926, Isa Maud Ilsen founded the National Association for Music in Hospitals. And in 1941, Harriet Ayer Seymour founded the National tooshie of Music Therapy.Although these organizations contributed the first journals, books, and educational courses on music therapy, they unfortunately were not able to develop an organise clinical profession. In the 1940s, three persons began to break through as innovators and key players in the using of music therapy as an organized clinical profession. Psychiatrist and music therapist Ira Altshuler, MD promoted music therapy in Michigan for three decades. Willem van de Wall pioneered the use of music therapy in state-funded facilities and wrote the first how to music therapy text, Music in Institutions (1936). E. Thayer Gaston, known as the father of music therapy, was instrumental in moving the profession send on in terms of an organizational and educational standpoint. The first music therapy college training programs were also created in the 1940s.Michigan State University established the first pedantic program in music therapy (1944) and other universities followed suit, including the University of Kansas, Chicago Musical College, College of the Pacific, and Alverno College. I was going to pick a few of these and talk about the m but, all in all, music therapy attend tos so many concourse that I go away talk about the overall outcome of what music therapy does for everyone I have listed Children, adolescents, adults, and the elderly with mental health needs, developmental and learning disabilities, Alzheimers disease and other aging related conditions, substance abuse problems, brain injuries, physical disabilities, and acute and chronic hurtfulness, including mothers in labor, plus soldiers with PTSD. Scientific studies have shown the value of music therapy on the body, mind, and spirit of children and adults.Researchers have found that music therapy, when used with anti-nausea drugs for patients receiving high-dose chemotherapy, can help ease nausea and vomiting. A number of clinical rills have shown the benefit of music therapy for short-term distress, including pain from cancer. Some studies have suggested that music may help decrease the overall intensity of the patients experience of pain when used with pain-relieving drugs. Music therapy can also result in decreased need for pain medicine in some patients, although studies on this topic have shownmixed results. In hospice patients, one take up found that music therapy amend comfort, relaxation, and pain control. Another study found that quality of life improved in cancer patients who authoritative music therapy, even as it declined in those who did not. No differences were seen in pick between the 2 groups.A more recent clinical trial looked at the launchs of music during the course of several weeks of radiation treatments. The researchers found that while emotional distress (such as anxiety) seemed to be helped at the startle of treatment, the patients reported that this effect gradually decreased. Music did not appear to help such symptoms as pain, fatigue, and depression over the long term. new(prenominal) clinical trials have revealed a reduction in heart rate, blood pressure, vivacious rate, insomnia, depre ssion, and anxiety with music therapy. No one knows all the ways music can benefit the body, but studies have shown that music can affect brain waves, brain circulation, and stress hormones. These effects are usually seen during and currently after the music therapy. Studies have shown that students who take music lessons have improved IQ levels, and show improvement in nonmusical abilities as well. Other studies have shown that listening to music composed by Mozart produces a short-term improvement in tasks that use spatial abilities.Studies of brain circulation have shown that peck listening to Mozart have more activity in certain areas of the brain. This has been called the Mozart effect. Although the reasons for this effect are not completely clear, this kind of information supports the idea that music can be used in many helpful ways. Music affects populate in ways that no other art or therapy can match it distracts the mind, slows the bodys rhythms, alters moods, and influe nces behavior. It seems that music holds universal bring up and provides a bridge in a non-threatening setting between people and individuals within their environment. It facilitates relationships, learning, self-expression and communication. Music captures and helps maintain attention, it is highly-motivating and can be used as a natural fortifier for desired responses. Music therapy can enable people without verbal communication to communicate, participate and express themselves nonverbally. It also assists in the development of verbal communication, speech, and language skills.Music provides concrete, multi-layer/sensory stimulation, in visual, tactile, vestibular, and auditory. Researchers have shown that the motive of rhythmic drumming helpsthose with motor control illnesses, such as Parkinsons disease. In that it uses regular tempo and rhythms to overcome their fast, slow and some periods stock-still moments. Using music in labor and delivery, helps the mother with improved abilities to laissez passer and decreased pain in labor. In children fighting cancer opened to singing showed an increase of the antibody IgA a key component in stimulating immune system that helps the body fight the disease. For those with profound cognitive impairments, autism, and mental and physical disabilities, their brains respond more easily to music therapy than to speech. When in tachycardia, cardiac patients were able to reduce their heart rates to 50-60 beats per excellent when listening to music that was exactly 50-60 beats a minute.Mentally handicap children participating in music therapy programs has increased concentration, performance, self-control, and improved speech. For chronic pain patients, bringing into resonance the vibrations of pain with the vibrations of music alters the psychological perception of pain even altering the pain or eliminating it. Increasing brainwaves has proven in effect(p) for people with ADHD and ADD, and various other learning d isabilities. Slowing overmatch the brainwaves has shown to help patients get to sleep, relax, find passion and happiness. The ability of music to neuter our mood seems to be related to the production of different chemicals in the brain. Endorphins triggered by music listening and music-making provide a kind of natural pain relief, where dopamine leads to feelings of buoyancy, optimism, energy and power. Impacts are even more potent for group music-making, because shared, positive experiences also release oxytocin, a brain tool for twist trust.In this way, musical relationships develop encouraging non-verbal and emotional expression and building self-esteem, motivation and confidence. Symposium organizer Gabe Turow, a visiting scholar at the time in Stanfords Department of Music, compared the effects of music therapy to taking medication. We may be sitting on one of the most widely getable and cost effective therapeutic modalities that has ever existed, he also say Systematical ly, this could be like taking a pill. Listening to music seems to be able to change brain functioning to the same extent as medications, in many circumstances.