Wednesday, November 27, 2019
Oscar Schindler Oskar Schindler would never have been anyones ideal savior, especially for the Jewish community. He was an open member of the Nazi party, a womanizer, a gambler, an alcoholic, and was extremely money hungry, but was successfully able to rescue and save from death over twelve hundred Jewish men and women. Schindler was born on April 28th, 1908 in Zwittua, Czechoslavakia. He was born Catholic and into a wealthy family, but started early on a life of sin. In 1930 he moved to Poland in hopes of becoming a success in business. As the Holocaust was just in its beginnings, he was able to get his hands on an enamel wear factory on Lapowa Street in in Krakow. This was one of the factories that used to owned and ran by a Jewish individual, but was then stripped away from them like all other businesses that were stolen away from the Jewish people during the Holocaust. The location of the factory was only a few miles away from the ghettos. Schindler quickly moved in on the SS officers and tried to make close ties with them in order to gain connections with high authority. He showered them with women, money, alcohol, and other desired objects. From his new acquaintances he obtained free employment from the Jewish slaves of the labor camps. In order to keep his factory and the money he was making, Schindler changed his factory to cater to wartime needs. The factory was modified from producing enamel wares to ammuntion, but the ammunition was faulty and did not work. Schindler was now making a large amount of profits, but he noticed that all his money was going into saving and caring for his Schindlerjuden or Schindlers children. The Schindlerjuden were always treated humanely. They were a;ways fed, never beaten, and none were ever killed. He told the officers that the skills his workers possessed were essential to the factory and were necessary to keep it running. Although Schindler was considered a war hero, after the war he had difficulty keeping a good business and was not exactly held in high favor among certain people. In 1949, after the war, he, his wife Emilie, and his mistress moved to Argentina. While staying in Argentina, he attempted to keep a nutria farm and also opened a cement factory in Germany. In order to run a successful factory or farm, he needed free labor which he lacked and therefore both businesses were a failure. After those failed attempts, he decided to go into film and became a film producer. That effort also ended in failure. In 1958, Schindler left noth his wife and mistress and moved back to Germany. He then called upon his Schindlerjuden to help him in his period of financial distress. They sent him money and support. In the early 1960s, he took a break from his poverty and visited Israel. All the survivors and their families welcomed him with warmness, love, and gratitude. After this visit, he continually made o ne six-week visit to Israel every year, which was fully paid for by his Schindlerjuden. Many of Oskar Schindlers efforts were not appreciated until he was deceased. In praise, many authors and film producers have documented his life. Thomas Keneally is one other that has recorded his life in a best selling book that is taught to British school students. Steven Spielberg also made it into an Academy Award winning movie called Schindlers List. Until this day, nobody understands or can grasp why Oskar Schindler would risk his life for the Jewish people, but perhaps that was his time of extraordinary bravery, courage, and strength. He dies in Frankfurt, Germany in 1974, but his last wish was to be buried in Israel. After his death, his body was moved to a Roman Catholic Cemetery in Mount Zion, where he spends eternity with the people whom loved, cared for, and owed their lives to him. History
Sunday, November 24, 2019
Organisational Change in BP after the Oil Spill in Gulf of Mexico Abstract This essay is about the oil giant British Petroleum and one of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s worst environmental disasters in history, the Gulf of Mexico oil spill. The aim for this paper is to provide a backdrop for the oil spill and to picture the management change due to the oil spill.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Organisational Change in BP after the Oil Spill in Gulf of Mexico specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The Gulf of Mexico oil spill symbolised a breakdown of more than mere environmental law and the work of institutions tasked with administering deepwater drilling, business law, governance, and corporate social responsibility principles can also be blamed for the environmental catastrophe (Cherry Sneirson 2011, p. 984). As a result of the oil spill and tragedy, BPÃ¢â¬â¢s safety programs and mistakes became noticeable. Many of these safety concerns have been ignored by management. The company did cover u p these problems by portraying an image as an advocate of CSR and funding a $200 million advertising campaign to promote it. Since 2002, there have been doubts about BPÃ¢â¬â¢s CSR practices in the context of safety and security. By corporate standards, the practices were considered Ã¢â¬Å"brand exuberance,Ã¢â¬ a term that refers to a corporate aspiration that is impossible to attain (Balmer, Power, Greyser 2011, p. 7). BPÃ¢â¬â¢s maintenance record, vision and training performance have been heavily criticised because they were not in accordance with industry standards. Carolyn Meritt, a U.S. government spokeswoman, commented that there was something wrong with BP management (Verschoor 2010, p. 15). However, BP and many of its stakeholders are optimistic that there could be a light in the horizon. Revenues and shares prices are gradually showing signs of recovery. This essay will try to show how this is attained. Introduction The company British Petroleum had to introduce chan ge management after the Gulf of Mexico oil spill in 2010. New directions included the upstream operations, from a single division to three departments to handle sensitive programs of Ã¢â¬Ëexploration, development and productionÃ¢â¬â¢ (Bryant Hunter 2010, para. 5).Advertising Looking for report on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More BPÃ¢â¬â¢s valued shareholders and investors were briefed on future plans and new initiatives after the oil spill as the organisation was heading for further explorations after its worst performance in the year and throughout its history as a prime oil-and-gas company. This essay will talk about management change in BP after the oil spill. Everyone was asking, particularly investors, as to what kind of management would resurrect BP. A knee-jerk reaction was change the leadership and management. CEO Tony Hayward was forced to resign, along with second in command Andy Inglis, to appease angry investors (Chazan 2010, para. 2). The stiff decline in BPÃ¢â¬â¢s stock value (Chazan 2010) due to the oil spill prompted the board to conduct change management and appoint Robert Dudley whose mission was to restore BPÃ¢â¬â¢s tarnished reputation. Three new divisions were created and contracts were given focus in which top-management portfolio was assigned to manage contractors who are working on sensitive and important upstream operations. Restructuring and upstream operations are now separate and given emphasis in order to provide long-term advancement of BPÃ¢â¬â¢s pool of expert engineers and scientists and strengthen risk management responsibilities. One of the flaws of the old system was that contractors working upstream were not effectively managed. (Bryant Hunder 2010, para. 4) Literature review Leadership and organisational change Leadership literature that can be applied in the context of BP change management is outdoor leadership with a focus on transactional-transformational leadership. Leadership theory evolved in several stages (Straub, 1980 as cited in Brymer Gray, 2006, p. 13). Leadership concept started with the Ã¢â¬Ëinborn principleÃ¢â¬â¢. It evolved into the idea of leaders having special attributes. The next phase is about those having power or authority. The fourth stage emphasised relationships, and the fifth one focused on leaders who became concerned with the world around them and adapted their behaviors according to those situations. The outdoor leadership theory refers to situational leadership. Ford and Blanchard (1985 as cited in Brymer Gray, 2006, p. 14) focused their leadership research on the relevance of leadership theory to the outdoors. Leaders demand of their followers certain attributes while followers require some characteristics of their leaders.Advertising We will write a custom report sample on Organisational Change in BP after the Oil Spill in Gulf of Mexico specifically for y ou for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Followers would like their leader to assume responsibility, which is very important as most followers trust their leader to take responsibility for their actions. Followers would require their leader to have more experience than them and should know how to get along with them (Ford Blanchard, 1985 as cited in Brymer Gray, 2006, p. 14). Leaders should possess skills on socialisation which may be team-related, for support or empathy; psychological aspects, like trust, stress, motivation, emotions; judgment, like dangers, problems, expectation; and creativity which is about ideas and inventiveness. Transformational and charismatic leaders focus their attributes on creativity, effective communication, motivation of followers and working out a vision and a goal, among others (Groves 2006, p. 566). Visionary leadership positively influences Ã¢â¬Ënet profit marginÃ¢â¬â¢ (Waldman et al., 2001 as cited in Groves, 2006, p. 567), s tock value and leadership effectiveness. Visionary leaders can effectively communicate goals that inspire subordinates. Ethics in organisational management theories The management literature has focused on the subject of business ethics due to the many high-profile ethical violations in corporate America. Many giant firms have suffered malfunctions due to unethical business practices of even top managers of these large corporations. Because of these incidents, much of the studies have focused on the importance of ethical behavior and to emphasise the call for a more understanding of moral decision-making processes. Gilbert (2001 as cited in Geiger 2010, p. 40) argued on the relative connection between Ã¢â¬Ëstrategic management process and ethicsÃ¢â¬â¢. Ethics influences this aspect of management. An important subject of organisational theory is legitimacy which refers to the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s reactions pertaining to the behavior of the organisation (Suchman 1995, as cited in Matej ek GÃ ¶ssling 2014, p.571).Advertising Looking for report on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The question here lies in BPÃ¢â¬â¢s moral legitimacy in building its values and norms pertaining to the construct of corporate social responsibility (CSR), the other types of legitimacy being pragmatic (pertaining to the importance of oil and gas to society), and cognitive (pertaining to its accessibility as an organisation). Legitimacy emphasises organisation and community relations and the ethics in business. According to this concept, organisations lose legitimacy if they transgress culture and mores while organisations that promote culture and beliefs of the community are rewarded. Organisations that have trouble with civil society and environmental organisations have problems with their legitimacy (Palazzo Scherer 2006, as cited in Matejek GÃ ¶ssling 2014, p. 572). Case study analysis BP has a moral obligation to acquire environmental legitimacy. Some experts have commented that if BP encounters another oil spill with the scale of the Gulf of Mexico spill, it will not only lose legitimacy, it will become bankrupt and will not have chance to recover. After the Deepwater Horizon accident or negligence, it is under pressure by its Ã¢â¬Ëcorporate stakeholders, the media, including social media, NGO watchdogs, and governmental regulatorsÃ¢â¬â¢ to bear Ã¢â¬Ëcorporate environmental responsibilityÃ¢â¬â¢ (Matejek GÃ ¶ssling, 2014, p. 572). BP has to strive to walk along this line of operations, and work to maintain Ã¢â¬Ëenvironmental legitimacyÃ¢â¬â¢ (Matejek GÃ ¶ssling, 2014, p. 572). Corporate environmental legitimacy refers to societyÃ¢â¬â¢s general observation or assumption that an organisationÃ¢â¬â¢s environmental programs are attractive, right and fitting, and generally approved by the public. This definition emphasises that environmental legitimacy is provided by stakeholders through their awareness according to their perceptions (Matejek GÃ ¶ssling, 2014, p. 572). CSR refers to the moral and ethical practices and organisations th at malign social institutions lose their legitimacy status. What society might do is boycott the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s products and services, including shares of stocks, and employees withdraw their commitment and lose motivation to work (GÃ ¶ssling 2011 as cited in Matejek GÃ ¶ssling, 2014, p. 572). Corporate social responsibility (CSR) reporting is usually done to attract investors (Spence 2009 as cited in Mobus, 2012, p. 36). If you look at BP website, you will be amased with their CSR programs and recovery efforts, particularly on restoring the lives of those affected by the oil spill. But websites are websites. They are always painted Ã¢â¬ËgreenÃ¢â¬â¢ and any attractive color to attract investors. The introduction of change management Ã¢â¬ËDeepwater HorizonÃ¢â¬â¢ was a large ocean rig that sank at the bottom of the ocean when the Macondo well exploded. This was one of the wells BP acquired. By 2010, BP successfully acquired several growing companies, making it one of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s largest corporations in terms of revenue, with a daily oil production of more than four million barrels. The Gulf of Mexico provided approximately 10 percent of BPÃ¢â¬â¢s oil output (National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drill 2011, p. 2). Before the Macondo well blew up, BP had a corporate brand positioning pictured by its management as highly ethical and environmentally emphatic. When the Deepwater Horizon accident occurred, these ethical and environmental standards were questionable. BPÃ¢â¬â¢s previous ethical standards were not supported by an ethical distinctiveness and philosophy, but it was trying to picture to the public that CSR was a common practice and that it cared for the public and its needs. BPÃ¢â¬â¢s corporate behavior did not reflect that of its purported mission. There was a misalignment in BPÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Ëidentity modesÃ¢â¬â¢ (Balmer, Power, Greyser 2011, p. 7). After the environmental debacle, BP faced a class action lawsuit and an allegation that it Ã¢â¬Ëmisled investorsÃ¢â¬â¢ by purporting to show that it had the capability for safety operations in the Gulf of Mexico (Amernic, Craig, Tourish 2012, p. 6). Two years before the disaster, the health and safety goals were only 80% attained, and environmental risk management was said to be Ã¢â¬Ëgold platedÃ¢â¬â¢ (Verschoor 2010, p. 13). BPÃ¢â¬â¢s management change was aimed to regain the trust and confidence of stakeholders, particularly its investors. Robert Dudley essentially introduced his brand of management with a vision of safety in the operations, placing great power and responsibilities in the hands of the safety division, now under Mark Bly, who has the authority to stop the operations if he and his team deemed that operations are not following the standards. Bly and his team directly report to Dudley and recommendations are immediately acted upon (Chazan 2010, para. 3). Dudley had been in the oil business for years and was with Amoco before he joined BP just eighteen months before the environmental disaster. The merger of Amoco and BP in Russia was termed a mega-merger but Dudley had to return to the United States after Russian authorities refused to renew his visa (Macalister 2010, para. 5). DudleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"newÃ¢â¬ brand of management was regarded a rehash of HaywardÃ¢â¬â¢s programs when the latter was appointed as CEO some years back to take over Lord John Browne who was involved in a personal scandal. Hayward proposed for safety programs during his initial years but still, BP experienced major environmental disasters resulting into some deaths of workers (Bryant Hunter 2010, para. 3). The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has recorded more than seven hundred violations of refineries attributable to BP and the violations were ruled intentional (Bryant Hunter 2010, para. 6). The pipeline corrosion in Texas that caused an oil spill, costing approximately $2 billion in suits and damages, was the result of cost-cutting measures introduced by Hayward who had to impress investors asking for positive gains for their money. However, some commentators have tried to give Dudley a chance. DudleyÃ¢â¬â¢s safety programme was a welcome development, according to Nigel Bowker (as cited in Bryant Hunter, 2010) who once worked for BP, but he argued that the new measures must be accompanied with management support, resources and cooperation from everyone in the company, and it must not only to appease the BP investors. BP under Dudley has introduced the technology-enhanced Ã¢â¬ËWell AdvisorÃ¢â¬â¢ that assists drilling teams in different countries to check the progress of oil and gas explorations with novel clearness through consoles connected online, to strengthen safety and security in the explorations. BP has relied on digital technology that gathers and analyses data and other variables. Although this is still in its pilot stage, BP is goi ng to that point where the data could be transformed into valuable information to provide safety and competence. Meantime, BP is on its way to providing the capability for its engineers, scientists and contractors to put together all these data and the various points produced by the data to influence decisions in the field. The data points are fed to a software, to be transformed into fine graphics and made available to engineers in the field. (BP: Trusted advisor 2014, paras. 1-4) Notwithstanding BPÃ¢â¬â¢s thrust for corporate social responsibility, CEO Dudley has been able to introduce green marketing philosophy, which is not just about consumers but about the environment, a rallying cry for BPÃ¢â¬â¢s organisational culture. BP is building a culture that respects the environment. Another principle it has applied is internal green marketing which aims to ensure that the organisationÃ¢â¬â¢s employees integrate the ecological factor into their programs and activities (Zaharia Zaharia 2012, p. 162). BP has ensured that that top management and HRM functions collaborate to enforce green business strategies. BP revenues before and after the change Before the management change, i.e. before the oil spill, revenues were up, $120 billion. It went down after the spill but with the new management, revenues rose 5%, which meant it climbed to $98 billion in October 29, 2013, from $94 billion (Ã £58.4 billion) the year before. After the oil spill, BP has sold some $38 billion of assets and has plans to sell about $10 billion this year. The companyÃ¢â¬â¢s replacement cost profit rose to $3.7 billion for the last quarter of 2013, from the previous $2.7 billion. BP also wanted to buy back its shares worth $8 billion, but has started with $3.8 billion. (Haslett 2013, paras. 3-6) Figure 1 is a listing of the shares prices for the period from 2009 up to 2013. It is shown here that the shares prices before the Gulf of Mexico oil spill were high. In 2009, ordinary shares cost 613.40 high and 400.00 at low; for American depositary shares, high was 60.00 and low was 33.70. There was slight difference for the next year 2010 and prices slid down after the oil spill with new management, which attained low prices for BP shares and gradually slid down up to 2013. For the different quarters from 2012 up to the first quarter of 2014, shares prices have not fully recovered but are slowly going up: i.e. 49.63 high and 45.83 low for American depositary shares, and for the first quarter of 2014, from 48.65 high and 41.30 low for the last quarter of 2013. This is supported by their advertising published Wall Street Journal (see appendix). BP stock prices in the market before and after the change Fig. 1: Stock prices before and after the management change SOURCE: BP: Shares prices and listings (2013, p. 274) Conclusion It is understandable that DudleyÃ¢â¬â¢s new administration is trying to paint a better picture, but obscuring the real risk BP is facing may not do any good for the company. Organisations aim their Ã¢â¬Ëpropaganda,Ã¢â¬â¢ i.e. CSR reporting, at their employees as they try to relay messages about their image. Is BP Ã¢â¬ËgreenwashingÃ¢â¬â¢? Greenwashing is a form of Ã¢â¬Ëinformation propagandaÃ¢â¬â¢ by a company or organisation for the purpose of portraying that it is following the standards of environmental benchmarking. By greenwashing, a firm tends to improve sales or enhance its brand image through Ã¢â¬Ëenvironmental rhetoric, but at the same time either pollute the environment or decline to spend money on the environment, employee welfare, or otherwise honor its commitments to other constituenciesÃ¢â¬â¢ (Cherry Sneirson 2011, p. 985). This can be perceived as fooling the public, particularly the stakeholders and the shareholders. According to Mobus (2012, p. 37), it can be viewed as such if there are no ways to verify the truth of the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s CSR programs. BPÃ¢â¬â¢s environmental programs can b e verified and, at first instance, there seems to be no fraud in their application of restoring the sound environment before the spill. According to investigation (the Commission Report or CR), the Macondo well blowout where Deepwater Horizon sank, was the result of managementÃ¢â¬â¢s indecision, lapses in the communication processes, and risk management failure) leading to incontrollable situations on the Macondo well (Mobus 2012, p. 38). In other words, safety measures, a primary requirement for oil explorations and one of BPÃ¢â¬â¢s so-called pride, failed. Management failed in those instances, along with failure of communication (CR 2011 as cited in Mobus, 2012, p. 38). Engineering and well design were approved by regulators but were not followed. Execution of the design and processes were opposed to BP guidelines and industry benchmarks. Moreover, there were lapses in communications among those working in the downstream and BP managers allowing for a possibility of a blowout (Mobus, 2012, p. 38). BP must prove its worth and the sincerity and expertise of the new management. After being prohibited for a year from bidding U.S. federal contracts, it has now won 24 new bids but one of the conditions is to implement stricter safety rules, including a remodeling of its governance principles. BP will be audited by an independent auditor chosen by the U.S. EPA. (Toor 2014, para. 2) It seems, however, that BP has gained the trust and confidence of the U.S. federal government. Before 2010, it was the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s largest oil supplier and fuel for transportation but was suspended for one year due to the oil spill. Four years after that worst oil spill, BP won 24 bids to explore oil and gas over the Gulf of Mexico once again. Recommendations The three divisions focusing on upstream operations should have effective and coordinated management. BP should have trained organic personnel to focus on upstream operations, instead of hiring contractors. One of the flaws of the old system is that most upstream operations are performed by contractors who are not BP personnel. During the critical minutes when the Macondo well was about to explode, there was no more effective management, prompting the personnel (who were working for a contractor and not for BP) to decide by themselves. The thrust of new management to focus on contractors is a good sign but works to be assigned to contractors should be minimal and not major tasks. BPÃ¢â¬â¢s CSR practices should not be mere practice for advertising but have to be given focus. Many giant firms practice CSR for the purpose of enticing investors to the detriment of the organisation. This was one of BPÃ¢â¬â¢s mistakes that might lead to its loss of legitimacy. References Amernic, J, Craig, R, Tourish, D 2012, Ã¢â¬ËReflecting a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s safety culture in fairly presented financial statements: the case of BPÃ¢â¬â¢, CPA Journal, pp. 6-10, via ProQuest database. Balmer, J, Power, S, Greyser, S 2011, Ã¢â¬ËExplicating ethical corporate marketing. Insights from the BP Deepwater horizon catastrophe: the ethical brand that exploded and then implodedÃ¢â¬â¢, Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 102, no. 1, pp. 1-14, via ProQuest database. BP: Shares prices and listings 2013, bp.com/content/dam/bp/pdf/investors/BP_Annual_Report_and_Form_20F_2013.pdf. BP: Trusted advisor 2014, bp.com/en/global/corporate/press/features/trusted-advisor.html. Bryant, M Hunter, T 2010, BP and public issues (mis)management, http://iveybusinessjournal.com/topics/leadership/bp-and-public-issues-mismanagement#.U5aSKHLuLfI. Brymer, E Gray, T 2006, Ã¢â¬ËEffective leadership: transformational or transactional?Ã¢â¬â¢ Australian Journal of Outdoor Education, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 13-19, via ProQuest database. Chazan, G 2010, BPÃ¢â¬â¢s new chief puts emphasis on safety, http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052748704116004575521394170919842. Cherry, M Sneirson, J 2011, Ã¢â¬ËBeyond profit: reth inking corporate social responsibility and greenwashing after the BP oil disasterÃ¢â¬â¢, Tulane Law Review, vol. 85, no. 4, pp. 983-1038, via EBSCOHOST, Academic Search Complete database. Geiger, S 2010, Ã¢â¬ËEthics content in strategic management textbooks: a longitudinal examinationÃ¢â¬â¢, American Journal of Business Education, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 39-44, via ProQuest database. Groves, K 2006, Ã¢â¬ËLeader emotional expressivity, visionary leadership, and organizational changeÃ¢â¬â¢, Leadership Organization Development Journal, vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 566-583, via ProQuest database. Haslett, E 2013, BP sets the markets alight as revenues rise $4bn, managementtoday.co.uk/news/1218498/bp-sets-markets-alight-revenues-rise-4bn/. National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drill 2011, Deep water: the Gulf oil disaster and the future of offshore drilling: report to the president, January 2011, Government Printing Office, Washington D.C. Macalister, T 201 0, Bob Dudley: profile of the new BP chief executive, theguardian.com/business/2010/jul/25/bob-dudley-profile-bp-ceo. Matejek, S GÃ ¶ssling, T 2014, Ã¢â¬ËBeyond legitimacy: a case study in BPÃ¢â¬â¢s green lashingÃ¢â¬â¢, Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 120, no. 1, pp. 571-584, via ABI/INFORM complete database. Mobus, J 2012, Ã¢â¬ËCorporate social responsibility (CSR) reporting by BP: revealing or obscuring risks?Ã¢â¬â¢ Journal of Legal, Ethical Regulatory Issues, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 35-52, via EBSCOHOST, Business Source Complete database. The Wall Street Journal: BP Plc ads 2014, http://quotes.wsj.com/BP. Toor, A 2014, BP wins new US oil contracts four years after Deepwater Horizon disaster, theverge.com/2014/3/20/5528824/bp-looks-to-expand-offshore-drilling-after-deepwater-horizon-oil-spill. Verschoor, C 2010, Ã¢â¬ËBP still hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t learned ethical lessonsÃ¢â¬â¢, Strategic Finance, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 13-15, via EBSCOHOST, Business Source Complete database. Zah aria, C Zaharia, I 2012, Ã¢â¬ËGreen values concerning the social responsibility of companiesÃ¢â¬â¢, Economics, Management, and Financial Markets, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 161-166, via ProQuest database. Appendix The gradual BP recovery after four years of Gulf spill. SOURCE: The Wall Street Journal: BP Plc ads (2014)
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Analyzing Micro Elements - Essay Example Both the golem and men in black are horror films with a portrayal of superficial creatures. They have a dark setting in some parts of the film and involve the destruction of a specific group. In the film the golem, there is the use of the creature golem, created to protect the Jewish people against persecution. A golem is a creature made from inanimate matter, an anthropomorphic being that is animated. The film is about a rabbi who creates the golem from clay and brings it to life using magic. In the end, the creature turns against them and sets fire to the ghetto. A little girl stops the creature by taking away an amulet from its chest in the shape of a pentagram. Men in black, involves two men wearing black suits in the pursuit of any alien related activities around. They are in pursuit of a bug leader in search of a device called the galaxy that will make tides in favor of their existence. Their job is to eliminate any alien forms and to ensure that no one remembers what they see if they come into contact with these creatures. They use a nueralyzer to wipe out peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s memories. In the end of the film shows a big fight between the alien form and the humans. The golem uses more sound effect and expressions while the men in black uses a lot of prop and camera angles. The use of micro elements is visible in each of these films. The use of mise-en-scene through costume and make-up, staging, setting, figure expressions and props is available in both films. Cinematography shows us how lighting has been implemented to produce a certain effect, the use of photographic elements such as the position of the lens and the camera angle. There is also the framing in a scene, special effects and composition. We have performance, which is the use of vocal delivery, physical expression, and an interaction between the performers. For a film to have proper organization of time there needs to be a little editing. Organization of time is both in a sequence and across segme nts of the story and the space organization. It helps in creating consistency for the viewer. The use of sound includes diegetic and non-diegetic sound and the use of different aural elements to create visuals (Appleman 12). All these elements display in the films the golem and men in black. Ã¢â¬Å"Men in blackÃ¢â¬ uses different props and costumes to represent the alien forms. The golem on the other hand shows us a giant creature made out of clay that comes to life through sorcery. In the golem, we see the creation of the creature by a rabbi to protect the Jewish from persecution. He creates it from clay and uses sorcery to bring the creature to life. With time however, the creature turns against his creator and his people and sets fire to the village and kidnapping the rabbiÃ¢â¬â¢s daughter. The people scream for help and get the rabbi to cast a spell and stop the fire. The script reads, Ã¢â¬Å"Save us rabbi, recite the fire spell or we shall all perishÃ¢â¬ . They watch as the rabbi gets inside the ghetto and stand on top of a hill to reciting the spell. The people bow down in prayer with the rabbi. We see the golem dragging the rabbiÃ¢â¬â¢s daughter towards the staircase and set her below them. He then leaves her and heads towards the door. During this whole scene, we hear some soothing and sad music. After a few moments of prayer, the fire finally stops and we get louder and livelier music.
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Aviation Spare parts supply chain management optimisation at Cathay - Case Study Example An efficient cost reducing solution to the problem of supply chain management optimisation has been suggested from a new perspective based on integer linear programming formulation by introducing a new algorithm to the rotable part, which can be applied to the whole inventory. For this purpose, calculation has been made through Viscalc application with iterative probability computation to prove the worth of the solution in reducing cost of inventory. Report findings point to the need of changing obsolete technology used through Ultramain and update it through currently available dynamic applications, as Ultramain was acquired for handling technical log process and for general maintenance management only. Based on the integer linear programming, the significance of the optimisation of the inventory, particularly of T category rotable parts like engine of the aircraft, is shown to be very crucial to attain. The subject of logistics and supply chain management has attained significant importance due to globalisation of business functions. No industry can manage to achieve cost efficiency and high performance levels without investing specialist resources to leverage from better supply chain management functions. Likewise, significance of supply chain management theories and their application in aviation business of Cathay Pacific Airways Limited, one of the topmost successful business stories in the airways industry, has been felt by the management of Cathay Pacific, as derived from the case study. Cathay Pacific Airways Limited stands on a high pedestal in the matter of performance and customer patronage among the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s leading airlines. It is a financially sound commercial airline. Cathay Pacific has successfully been voted Ã¢â¬Å"Airline of the YearÃ¢â¬ organised by Skytrax Research in 2005 and awarded Ã¢â¬Å"Airline of the YearÃ¢â¬ in 2006 by the Air Transport World magazine. For maintaining its profit
Sunday, November 17, 2019
MBA - business Startegy - Essay Example In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s world, a company can have its head office in London, the main production facility in China, the research laboratories in Germany and the support centre in Pakistan. At the same time, the individuals working for the company in different locations are likely to come from different cultures, have different logistical needs and they may even require different management policies (Hollinshead and Leat, 1995). While it may seem complicated, these elements are just some of the basic concerns of a modern MNE (Johnson et. al., 2005). However, it must be noted that the functioning of the company may be much simpler than comparative companies in the past and the size of the company can actually be tiny compared to the global organisations of the past. The internet is certainly a great tool which allows relatively miniscule companies to come face to face with big players in the market. A company can have less than ten employees, work only with a capital of a few million and yet have a logistics and supply chain system which works better than giants such as BP. Margulius (2006) presents several examples of how companies can use information technology to improve their position in competing with larger companies on the basis of their created supply chains. This certainly complicates the organisation of the company since every individual is a key decision maker but at the same time, it lets the MNE be more agile in terms of conducting business across the world. For example, a very small company such as Oriel wines was the subject of the cast study by Chozich (2005) who showed that a producer and supplier of wine could used the internet to give their clients an image of a company which seems to be much larger than it actually is with a supply chain that runs from California to Germany and as far as Japan. The company is simple in structure, but the organisation of such an effort depends on several very complicated technologies which work
Friday, November 15, 2019
Menu Planning Food Beverage Management Marketing Essay Devon plc is related to the hostility sector company. It has more than 25 year experience regarding that field. So they carry on their future activities with good manner. They always think their future. It consists Demand planning, future forecasting, swot analyzing and future progress planning. In present they accomplish the hospitality establishment which is situated in Torquay. By paying Ã £1,800, 000, it consists of 20 double en suite bedrooms, a restaurant which seats sixty, and banqueting suits that may accommodate one hundred gusts. It covered the lot of services relating to the restaurant sector. To implementation and carry on this project they draft the business plan and other management accounting statement to get really picture about the investment. In here it is very essential to do feasibility study in the first step. The industry trends checklist provides a sample of topics us might want to study as part of our market analysis. The area of marketing planning involves forging a plan for a firms marketing activities. A marketing plan can also pertain to a specific product, as well as to an organizations overall marketing strategy. Generally speaking, an organizations marketing planning process is derived from its overall business strategy. Thus, when top management is devising the firms strategic direction or mission, the intended marketing activities are incorporated into this plan. Within the overall strategic marketing plan, the marketing planning process contains the following stages: Marketing sector is very importation to service Provider Company, not only this company but also all the firms depend on the market structure. If we not well planed the market structure it will badly affect to the future demand and it goodwill also. So Devon analysis current product mix and they turn their product portfolio to restaurant side also. Lean marketing concepts are applied in work methods, Strong determination positive attitude of the majority of the staff, Good distribution net work for sales, Good reputation from in this area, Knowledge Management is in place, Attractive location. Various kinds of facilities are in this area. Attract best people (new or professionals), Consistent good performance on Internal process are the main strength of Devin plc. Lean marketing concepts must analysis these products because of this is service provider business, when it is so it highly move with the customer (people).if they do a little mistake it will badly have an effect on to their reputation. Their going through the market analysis and their product portfolio as well .because of if they produce the product to the market with out of analysis market they will be loss in very shortly. Devon Company wishes to acquire the 10% of growth rate as their turnover. As well they decided to the prices for their product by adding 65% of profit to each for the food and beverage. Accommodation can be divided in two separate sectors as luxury and normal. When pricing 55% profit add to their cost in luxury level and normal rooms will be added 45% profit to their cost. Devon plc is related to the hostility sector company. In present they accomplish the hospitality establishment which is situated in Torquay. By paying Ã £1,800, 000, it consists of 20 double en-suite bedrooms, a restaurant which seats sixty, and banqueting suits that may accommodate one hundred gusts. It covered the lot of services relating to the restaurant sector. By investing such amount of money to this new restaurant they will wish to have a well performance in their marketing and financial sector. If they able to give food and beverage in good quality, they will able cover their capital investment with in very near future. If they try to supply more than facility to the customer in every side, it also helps to mounting up their reputation. It indirectly increases their profit.
Tuesday, November 12, 2019
Throughout history there have been many philosophers that impacted the world. Philosophers such as John Locke have shaped todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society in a number of ways. John Locke was extremely influential and has had some of the most lasting impacts on the ideas still to this day. John Locke has inspired a many of people throughout his lifetime and shaped the way for philosophers and great minds of the generations to come. John Locke was an English philosopher, born on August 29 1632, in Somerset, England. He was born into a Protestant family (Faiella 24). LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s mother died when he was an infant and he was raised by his father John, who is said to have had an influence on LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s views (24). In 1652, Locke attended Christ Church College to study medicine (25). However, Locke found the ideals and theories of modern philosophers of his time more interesting than the material he studied while at Christ Church, which led to Locke never pursuing a career as a doctor (25). Lord Anthony Ashley Cooper sought out LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s assistance to treat a liver cyst; Cooper soon became impressed with Locke and appointed Locke to be his advisor (28). Locke then joined the Royal. Society where he met individuals with whom he discussed mortality and religion, which resulted in the creation of An Essay Concerning Human Understanding (Powell, Jim Locke: Natural Right to Life, Liberty, and Property). Locke wanted to learn more and pursued a position in which he could examine toleration, education and trade, leading to Locke and Anthony Ashley Cooper working closely together (Powell, Jim John Locke: Natural Right to Life, Liberty, and Property). Anthony Cooper was the 1st Earl of Shaftesbury, and it was in the Shaftesbury household where some of LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s most influential ideas came alive. Cooper assisted in forming LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas; it was within the Shaftesbury household during 1671 that the meeting, which resulted in the making of An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, took place (25). LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s friendship with Cooper became complicated, causing Locke to move to Holland where he became connected with the English Rebels (Faiella 29). Eventually, Locke was placed on a list of 85 traitors who were wanted by the English government as a result of his works (29). During 1683, Locke used an alias, Dr. Van Der Linden, to sign letters being sent to his peers (Powell, Jim John Locke Natural Right to Life, Liberty and Property). Locke was offered a pardon offered by William Penn but, Locke wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t accept the pardon because he believed he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t do anything to deserve his criminal status and he stood by his beliefs (Faiella 30). In 1686 while in Holland Locke was meeting with peers to discuss philosophical ideals and plot to overthrow King James II. Locke was later removed from the list of traitors (31). After the Glorious Revolution Locke returned to England and helped draft the Toleration Act of 1689 (31). Locke believed in many things as a philosopher, one of LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s most known ideals was Natural Law. Locke strongly believed in Natural Law, which stated men have natural rights which cannot be given to you by rulers (Stephens, George M. John Locke: His American and Carolinian Legacy). Locke also believed in the Social Contract, which stated that, a persons moral or political obligations should rely on an agreement in order to form a society (John Locke: His American Carolinian Legacy). Locke strongly believed that people lived in a certain State of Nature before there was society. Locke stated that the State of Nature was when people lived with no judge, no laws and no punishment for their crimes (Treatises on Government). Locke thought that laws of society existed for the common good of the population as a whole (Treatises on Government). People could not break the social contract because it would result in chaos (Treatises on Government). Locke also believed that the government existed to assist the needs of the people and if it should not fulfill its job to the people, people had the right to overthrow the government (John Locke: Natural Right to Life, Liberty and Property). Locke believed that without a majority rule the social contract wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t work (John Locke: His American and Carolinian Legacy). Therefore, Locke wrote An Essay Concerning Human Understanding which was based on his beliefs and experiences (Powell, Jim. John Locke: Natural Right to Life, Liberty and Property). Locke also wrote a Letter Concerning Toleration, which discussed an idea of religious toleration for everyone except Atheists and Catholics. (John Locke: Natural Right to Life, Liberty and Property). Locke believed education is for liberty and that people learn by examples and that this is the way society should learn (John Locke: Natural Right to Life, Liberty and Property). Locke also fought for freedom of the press and opposed the renewal of the act for regulation of printing (John Locke: Natural Right to Life, Liberty and Property). Clearly, John Locke had a very big impact throughout the world, even though during his time he was viewed as a criminal for some of his ideas. Locke provoked revolutions in Europe, Latin America, and in Asia (Powell, Jim. John Locke: Natural Right to Life, Liberty and Property). John Locke influenced the Declaration of the Rights of Men, in 1789 while in France, which recognized property rights. (Stephens, George M. John Locke: His American and Carolinian Legacy). Locke also influenced MontesquieuÃ¢â¬â¢s beliefs regarding the separation of powers (Powell, Jim. John Locke: Natural Right to Life, Liberty and Property). Also one of LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest influences was his assistance in inspiring the French Revolution (John Locke: Natural Right to Life, Liberty and Property). John Locke influenced the United States in a number of different ways. For example, LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s Second Treatise Concerning Civil Government inspired the American Revolution (Powell, Jim. John Locke: Natural Right to Life, Liberty, and Property). Also, In the Declaration of Independence it states how King George violated his contract with the colonist, which was influenced by LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas (Stephens, George M. John Locke: His American and Carolinian Legacy). The Fifth Amendment of the United States Constitution discusses property rights, which was also inspired by John Locke (John Locke: His American and Carolinian Legacy). In the constitution the legislative branch has more power than a single official but has no veto power, another ideal of Locke (John Locke: His American and Carolinian Legacy). In conclusion, John Locke inspired many people throughout history with his strong beliefs and ideals. Locke was criminalized and wanted for his beliefs. LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas have influenced not only England or the United States of America, but have resulted in a change in the world. Locke inspired people of his time, and implemented lasting ideas and changes in the government, and Locke inspired other philosophers. Philosophers similar to Locke have used LockeÃ¢â¬â¢s ideas as a foundation to further mold the world we live in, and shape societies. John Locke has made a lasting impact and his ideas will continue to impact the world. Works Cited Faiella, Graham. Ã¢â¬ John Locke: His LifeÃ¢â¬ John Locke:Champion of Modern Democracy New York: Rosen Group, 2005. 24-31. Print. Locke, John. Two Treatises on Government. 1690. Print. Powell,Jim Ã¢â¬Å"Jim Locke: Natural Right to Life, Liberty, and PropertyÃ¢â¬ The Freeman. Foundation for Economic Education. 1 August 1996. Web. 6 October 2014. Stephens, George M. Ã¢â¬Å"John Locke: His American and Carolinian legacy. Ã¢â¬ John Locke Foundation. N. D. Web. 2 October 2014.
Sunday, November 10, 2019
Imagine you are Ralph on the island; write a series of at least three diary entries, which record important episodes during your stay there. Include in the entries your changing thoughts and feelings about what occurs and about yourself and the other boys with you. Diary Entry 1: Chapter 5: Beast from water I just do not understand. It is not meant to be like this. I mean, everything requires improvisation. I call a meeting and all of them, JackÃ¢â¬â¢s group of boys, think that they are there to make jokes. There is no time for fun, but business. I tell them about the huts and how they are unstable, but they remain pessimistic as if they have something better to do. What can that something be? Hunting. Well, Jack seems to think so. He said that he would hunt down the beast. Really, we do not even know if the beastie truly exists. Jack is so aggressive, marching on an army of anarchy among the boys to hunt down an imaginary beast. Mass hysteria erupted when one of the diffident littluns, Percival was his name, said that the beast came from the sea, like a giant squid. I really do not know what has gone into their poor, innocent souls, torturing them like that. The fear of the boys is mounting, day after day. Well, perhaps there could be a beastie. I know that even I am not immune to fear. Nevertheless, Piggy says there is no beast, so there isnÃ¢â¬â¢t. Piggy knows. I mean, he is intelligent unlike me. He can think and make decisions without being unsuccessful with his natural, intellectual ability. He would be so much better at being chief than I am. It is just inequitable that Jack bullies him. But what can I do? Do I really want Jack on my back too? ItÃ¢â¬â¢s enough I cannot stand having him within a one-metre radius of me. Moreover, JackÃ¢â¬â¢s focus on hunting will prevent all of us on this island from leaving it and seal our fate as no more than animals. I just cannot help realising this. However, Jack and his hunters do not. It is simple to them: fear ferments and spreads in the group, so they result to violence and hunting as a solution to the obstacle. They do not care about where they use the lavatory, about keeping the fire going, or most importantly, getting rescued. Even the rules they do not care about. I am very frustrated. I just cannot stand this any more. Without my rules, there will be disastrous consequences to everything Jack and his hunters do. My rules keep the boys tethered to some semblance of society, but they seem oblivious to it and are willing to drop the rules like a hot pan. Life on this island just seems to get harder by every passing day. With Simon wandering off at night, no wonder the littluns are frightened. However, I should not let that bother me. On this island, there are by far more important things to do, like being rescued. How much boys on this island do believe in ghosts? What are the children on this island? Humans, animals, or savages? Piggy was head-on right by yelling at them. Surely, there are not any ghosts or beastieÃ¢â¬â¢s on this island, because Piggy told me so. He tells me everything, and everything he says is true. It has to be true. I feel as if I should step down as chief, for once and for all, but PiggyÃ¢â¬â¢s already warned me that if I do, Jack will become leader and the only thing he will lead us to do is hunt. But being rescued is better than hunting and I, for that matter, want to be rescued and back to my old life: with my mother and father. It is dreadful here. I try to shut my eyes of the surroundings that envelope me, and force the image of my life before this tragedy. Nothing. There is nothing to see. This life is like a virus, invading and sweeping the happy memories of my life before until there is nothing. I thought life here would be different, better somehow, but it seems that I got the contrary. Now, everything on this island makes me feel depressed. Even my own physical appearance, especially my hair; it has grown shabby and uncomfortably long. I have all grown shabby with neglect. With all the oppressive responsibility weighing down on my shoulders, I wish that the ground now would open up and swallow me down into its depth, to close me off the problems on this island, which I face. Diary Entry 2: Chapter 7: Shadows and Tall Trees This is it. A change from this place will do us all a whole lot of good. I have become so dirty and unclean over the past few months, that the conditions that I take myself for now is normal. The rest of the boys seem to take these conditions as normal too. The longing that I have for a deep, hot bath to purify my body and wrap me up in its enclosing warmth is unbearable. Every thing seemed to have been going well, but every step I take on this island to please Jack, just defines the how hard it will be, when you try to break the boys away from JackÃ¢â¬â¢s spell-binding habit: Hunting. Not that I am complaining. I followed the hunters today and the view that is to be seen on the opposite side of the island is utterly different to the view that is observed from the side of which we have settled in. However, although there are spectacular sceneries that can be viewed from this island, there is no place like home. The ocean is like a thick wall, an impermeable barrier, preventing my and the other boys escape. Simon seems to think that we will leave the island eventually. But I doubt that will ever happen. Simon is so batty. Now, with Jack thinking himself chief, everything is impossible. But I have to say, I did enjoy myself at the hunt. It was breathtaking. Originally, we were meant to be hunting down the beast, but Jack suggested that we could also hunt a pig in addition to continuing our search for the beast. It was smashing! I was excited so much that I was caught up in the adventure; I threw my spear at the boar, and hit it. But I suppose it was not much of a hit; it only nicked his snout. That was the first time I took aim and I cannot believe my luck. It has to be good marksmanship. I felt so exhilarated during the hunt, as the primal appeal of killing pigs dawned upon me. At least I have something to be proud of, other than some cut by a boarÃ¢â¬â¢s tusks. Jack thought that it was necessary to point the wound on his left arm out to the crowd of boys. I cannot understand Jack. He has such an eccentric personality; predictable though, he would not actually change much from his self-centred self. I hit the boar but he still pays the same attention as if I were thin air. The boys are impervious too, when they are around Jack that is. It is like he has the glamour that allows the other boys to be absorbed in him. No matter how much attention you persist or demand to acquire, the power that is bound inside Jack will not give in. I tried to show the boys that I was a good aimer, even though it was my first time hunting, but it was useless, like I said. Jack and the boys were truculent when they closed on towards Robert. They started chanting, Ã¢â¬Å"Kill the PigÃ¢â¬ and I guess they were caught up in their momentum of chanting, that they actually started jabbing Robert with their spears, at first in jest, then with a more dangerous intent. He was yelping so much that I though my ears would give out. Instantly, all the excitement that I had in me from the hunt vanished. I was so glad that Robert escaped their grasp. I did join them with this too. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know what was happening to me. The urge to kill was too overpowering. For all I know, we would have killed him. Jack was so self-absorbed, taking himself seriously, that he said that they could use a littlun next time to dress up as a pig, so that they can actually kill it. That was such a sick idea. They are taking a life away. The matter of life is not a game. However, the boys enamoured by JackÃ¢â¬â¢s statement began to laugh. This was not funny. They had to be reminded that this is only a game. I am starting to get concerned about the increasingly violent and impulsive behaviour of the hunters. Killing the littluns is trivial compared to what these hunters are capable of. We started climbing the mountain, as evening fell, and I realized that we would not be able to get back to the beach until morning. I did not want to leave Piggy with the littluns all night. I thought it was too much responsibility for one to handle, but I suppose Piggy would not mind; he will work things out easily. But Jack did not address this concern for Piggy kindly; he mocked me about it. What good chief would he make if he does not treat the boys with respect? But luckily Simon offered to go and inform Piggy of our whereabouts. Jack was still on his frenzy of hunting a pig, in the dark. Surely he could see that it was not a suitable time to hunt, but he is so impulsive that even he will not be blinded by the darkness that encloses the island. I thought that if we hunt in the morning it would be more apposite. He does not even think twice when I speak to him. I am chief, he should listen to me as any other boy on the island does. Giving the new understanding that Piggy provided me with, and sensing the hostility from Jack, I knew that he loathed me. I asked him why but he had no answer. What would he answer if he had one anyway? I never showed him any hatred but if he wants me to play his game, I will play. He was so pressing to climb up the mountain, even though most of the hunters were Ã¢â¬ËtiredÃ¢â¬â¢ and, of course, afraid. It was unveiled in their eyes. At that moment I thought of going back myself too, but what Jack said obliged me to remain. He said that I was afraid. I am not afraid more than he is and he knows that, but he just doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t want to admit it. I was surprised that my voice actually balanced itself proportionally, so that none of my reluctance or weakness showed. I was almost motivated by it. Just moments before this, Jack was accusing me of being afraid and now he was. He claimed that he saw something bulge on the mountain. Of course, due to my newfound bravery, I agreed to search for it immediately. But while I had a mask of bravery composed on my outside, inside I was not sure of what to do. Not sure about whether I should take a step forward or backward. What to do if the beast attacks me. It was so frustrating that it felt like the anxiety was scratching my brain away bit by bit. It seemed at the top of the mountain that I was paralysed. But I realised, eventually, what I was doing this for. To show Jack that I am not scared like he claims. So I fused my hatred for him, with my will and took two steps forward. That is when I saw it. My legs gave out under me, like an involuntary reflex reaction, but a button inside triggered me to get upon my feet as quick as I can and escape. It seemed like hours had passed in those few seconds for me to get over the shock of what I had just observed. It was like a huge rock thing and it bowed, and when the wind blew, it lifted its head to reveal a ruined face. It was unapproachable. Terrifying. I realised that the horror witnessed by the littluns in words, is inconsequential, in comparison to when you view the beast yourself. I am glad it is over for now, but I have a deep feeling that this thing, beastie, will not take long to return its visit. We must get prepared. Diary Entry 3: Chapter 8: Gift for the Darkness No one believes me. Even piggy. He was sceptical of the whole idea of me witnessing a beast on the top of the mountain. What angered me more is JackÃ¢â¬â¢s assurance to the group of boys that the hunters can defeat the beast. But are his hunters any good when faced with a beast that even the bravery of me, Roger and Jack could not defeat? His hunters are merely boys with sticks. I was right to point this out to him; he cannot be so ignorant of the beastie. Piggy said that I should not have called his boys that, but honestly, what choice did I have! And he never left it there either. Oh no. He called me a coward and accused me of calling the rest of his hunters cowards too. What right does he have to call me that? He even said that I am not a proper chief. As if he would be better than me as chief. All he cares about is hunting, hunting, hunting, and nothing else. If this is how he wants to live his life, then I doubt he will ever have a life, since he will be spending the rest of it on this doomed island. Adding more to this, the punch from the whole of this meeting came when he put my position of being chief in a vote, between him, and me to the boys. It is so hurtful when I think about it; I cannot believe that he holds such a grudge against me, that much to challenge my position of being chief. I have not did anything wrong to him. But, I guess I should not be so surprised. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s so Jack. Whenever he comes across something that he cannot stand, he feels compelled to sweep it out of his way. In this case, it is me. Oddly, I do feel sad and uneasy due to him leaving. I, certainly, was not expecting him to leave so quickly. Especially crying. The thought of him crying has never crossed my mind at all, even though I have been living with him for several months. It is not like him. He was always that kind of person like a rock, with his weaker feelings and emotions imperceptible, no one would have thought that he would be exposed so easily like that. Relieved that he left, Piggy and Simon seemed untouched, as if a burden has been lifted away from their shoulders. I guess they are calm now, since all Jack would do is pick on them, as they are the weaker vessels of the boys. Piggy tried to make me realise that there are potential benefits from Jack leaving, but I have this strong feeling inside me, telling me that something ominous is about to happen, resulting from this predicament. I just cannot put my finger on what is going to happen. He said that now we can start focusing on the fire more. Now that the fire has been built on the beach it may be difficult to see from far away, but at least somebody will keep it going. At least there is a trace of hope of being rescued. However, I really doubt that most of us will actually be rescued, as just after the building of the fire was done on the beach, I noticed several of the biguns missing. I did not know what to do. I felt as though Jack had taken part of me as an equipment to equip himself for evil and savagery on this island. The more I come to think about it, the clearer it becomes to me that Jack is the disruptive element and the root of destruction on this island. My authority is slipping away faster than I could imagine. Just a few months ago, I had it all, but now there is nothing left. I cannot understand the appeal of hunting if you do not attempt to be rescued at the same time. There is a battlefield of emotions warring in me. I tried to show the boysÃ¢â¬â¢ that I am a good chief, that I will get them rescued, but they were all oblivious to me and so left for Jack. It hurt so much that even speaking was like climbing a cliff for me. I suppose now everything is too late; everything is set in motion, I cannot do anything to change it. Maybe it would be better. We could be happier. Piggy says so. Piggy is so confident that everything will turn out to be okay, it almost scares me. We still have Samneric to help us keep the fire going, some littluns and I suppose Simon. Although Piggy and I never knew where he was, we thought that he might be climbing up the mountain. He would still stay unfazed by anything. He has cracked. With Simon, he is that kind of person that his feelings are buried deep inside him and you would have to dig a lot before reaching them. I am surprised that I never thought of Simon, in a way like this, before. You just have to listen to him to get to know him, but of course, Jack never listens to anybody or anything, so what would he know? At this point, I really donÃ¢â¬â¢t care who I have got in my group as long as they are with me; I need all the support I can get. I was startled by the sudden uproar in the forest. Jack, wearing just dazzle paint and a belt, was even more startling. He told us that he and his group were living across the beach, by a flat rock, where they have fun. It was kind of him to invite us to join his tribe, but I know that if I were to join his tribe, there would be no going back and certainly no hope of rescue. I thought he was about to take the conch at first, when I saw him. I mean the conch to me is still a symbol of ritual and order, and without order on this island, there would be nothing. I still do not know why that thought passed through my head at that moment. But I saw that some of his hunters did take some branches of fire. Perhaps they took it to keep warm, or even cook their latest hunting victim on. But even by how much I would like to go to eat the meat and have fun, keeping the fire going was and is still the most important task at hand. It is going to be hard to keep the fire going, and the amount of wood that we need is even harder to get. I suppose Samneric could take two shifts. But Bill appeared sceptical to the whole idea that we will be capable of keeping the fire going. He suggested that we go to Jack and his hunters feast and tell them that the fire is hard among us. Moreover, the fact that there was meat there, hot and satisfying, was enough to make us sprint to cross our enemyÃ¢â¬â¢s border. Even Piggy could not resist. He was ravenous. I saw it in his eyes. Every face that my gaze landed upon was burning with the overwhelming hunger for meat. No one would ever let a chance like this pass by and we werenÃ¢â¬â¢t going to either. The thought of food and meat was too appealing, so we gave in to our desire.
Friday, November 8, 2019
Functional Math Skills That Support Independence Functional math skills are those skills that students need to live independently in the community, care for themselves, and make choices about their lives. Functional skills make it possible for students with disabilities to make choices about where they will live, how they will make money, what they will do with money, and what they will do with their spare time. To do these things, they need to be able to count money, tell time, read a bus schedule, follow directions at work, and know-how to check and balance a bank account. Functional Math Skills Before students can understand numbers and numeration, they have to understand one-to-one correspondence. As they count, they need to be able to match each item or items to a corresponding number and understand that the number represents a matching or a corresponding number of items. One-to-one correspondence will also be helpful in such household tasks as setting the table and matching socks. Other functional skills include: Number recognition: This includes recognizing and being able to write the 10 digits, and then recognizing place value: ones, tens, and hundreds.Skip counting: Skip counting by 5s and 10s to 100 is important for understanding time (such as five-minute increments on an analog clock) and money. Teachers can use a hundreds chart or on a number line to demonstrate skip counting.Operations: Its vital for students to have a grasp of addition and subtraction. At a later point, if your students have an understanding of these two operations, it may be possible to introduce multiplication and division. Students with special needs may not be able to develop the ability to do the math operations themselves independently, but they can learn how the operations are used in order to use a calculator to do calculations, like balancing a bank statement or paying bills. Time Time as a functional skill involves both understanding the importance of time- such as not staying up all night or not missing appointments because they dont leave enough time to get ready- and telling time on analog and digital clocks to get to school, work, or even the bus on time. Understanding time requires comprehending that seconds are fast, minutes almost as fast, and hours much longer. Students with disabilities, especially significant cognitive or developmental disabilities, may have behavioral outbursts because they are stuck on preferred activities, and dont realize they will miss lunch. For them, building an understanding of time may involve a visual clock, like a Time Timer, or a picture schedule. These tools help give students a sense of control over their schedule and an understanding of what happens and when during their school or even home day. Parents may also benefit from having visual schedules at home. For children with autism spectrum disorders, it can help avoid long periods of self-stimulatory (stimming) behavior, which may actually undermine progress they are making at school. Teachers can also pair telling time with understanding the concept of time, for example, that 6 a.m. is when you get up and 6 p.m. is when you eat dinner. Once students can tell the time to the hour and half-hour, they can progress to skip counting by fives and telling time to the nearest five-minute interval. A geared clock, such as a Judy clock- where the hour hand moves when the minute hand goes around- helps students understand that both hands move together. Money Money, as a functional math skill, has several levels of skill: Recognizing money: pennies, nickels, dimes, and quarters.Counting money: first in single denominations and later mixed coinsUnderstand the value of money: budgets, wages, and paying bills Measurement Learning measurement for students with special needs should involve length and volume. A student should be able to use a ruler and even perhaps a tape measure for length and recognize inches, half and quarter inches, as well as feet or yards. If a student has an aptitude for carpentry or graphic arts, the ability to measure length or size will be helpful. Students should also learn volume measurements, such as cups, quarts, and gallons. This skill is useful for filling tubs, cooking, and following directions. When cooking is part of a functional curriculum, a knowledge of measures of volume will be helpful. Students should be able to choose what they will cook, and find and read recipes. Familiarity with measuring volume will help students who want to pursue work in culinary arts, such as a kitchen assistant.
Wednesday, November 6, 2019
Micro Assignment Essay Micro Assignment Essay Question 1 A) POINT ONE P1=$2.26 Q1=620.82 The price elasticity of demand using the midpoint method can be calculated with the following equation: = (Q2-Q1)/ ((Q2+Q1)/2) (P2-P1)/ ((P2+P1)/2) Using the values given, the equation is as follows: = (580270-620820)/ ((580270+620820)/2) ($3.39-$2.26)/ (($3.39+$2.26)/2) = 0.06752200084923 40 This shows that the price elasticity of demand for Metlink train tickets is: = 0.16880500212308 B) From the figures provided, we can see that as the price of the train ticket rises, the quantity demanded falls. This follows the law of demand meaning that train tickets are a normal good, as opposed to a giffen good that goes against the law of demand. Due to the elastic figure being less than 1 we can draw the conclusion that train tickets are inelastic. This means there is a relatively small change in the quantity demand despite a change n price. This also suggests that Metlink train tickets are a necessity opposed to a luxury. Question 2 Although previous national studies showed video rentals as being inelastic new evidence from a video store contradicts these results. The manager at the store increased their price expecting a rise in their profit, but in fact the increased price had the opposite effect. This is because although the video rental demand had previously been shown to be inelastic time had past. In the time that had past the ability of the renters to substitute renting video had changed. With new technology it is now easy to download movies thus creating less demand for renting them. Due to new revolutions the demand curve would now become elastic so the demand curve has flattened out. This means because the price has been raised by 20% the demand for video rentals will reduce proving it harder to rent out videos. Revenue will decrease due to lower sales and although being at a higher price it does not match previous years income. This is represented in the following graph: Question 3 A) i) In the short term, if scientists discovered that eating soybeans prevents cancer and heart disease this would shift the demand curve to the right. As a result the quantity demand rises due to consumers hearing that soybeans are good for your health. This increases the equilibrium price and quantity, because there is no shift in the supply curve so the equilibrium point moves to the right with the demand curve. This is represented in the following graph: In the long run if scientists discovered that soybeans prevents cancer and heart disease this would shift the demand curve to the right. As a result the suppliers would be more willing to increase supplies because of the money they will receive for the more goods they produce. This shifts the supply curve to the right. The increase in supply decreases the equilibrium price but increases the demand. This is represented in the following graph: ii) With the increase in the supply in soybeans the space for the feed corn to grow is reduced. Thus there would a shift in the supply curve to the left. This would mean a shift in the equilibrium price would rise. Thus feed corn would be selling for a higher price but the demand would be less. This is represented in the following graph: B) i) The effect that nylon being invented would have on the domestic cotton industry is that the demand for cotton will decrease, shifting the demand curve to the left. Due to nylon being a substation for cotton. Thus the equilibrium price and supply will decrease. Meaning the sale of cotton will reduce which will in turn force suppliers to decrease the price of cotton. This is represented in the following graph: ii) The effect the cotton gin being invented would have on the domestic cotton industry is that the supply curve would shift to the right due
Sunday, November 3, 2019
Volcano Rock - Assignment Example Because of their less density magma usually moves upwards. Of in any case they make it to the surface they usually crystalize leading to the formation of volcanic rocks.The naming of volcanic rocks is usually one in accordance to their chemical composition. Because of the difference in the rate at which magma solidifies there is always a difference in the rate at which they solidify. Volcanic rocks usually have two main categories namely: extrusive volcanic rocks and intrusive volcanic rocks. Extrusive volcanic rocks are those that come into existence as a result of eruption of seafloor fissures and volcanoes. They are also sometimes as a result of freezing in the shallow depths. This implies that extrusive volcanic rocks cool at a high rate under relatively low pressure. This can be used as an explanation for them being glassy and fine grained. Intrusive volcanic rocks on the other side take a little longer to solidify and do not produce gasses (Erickson and Muller 212). Due to the high rate of cooling at the surface the resulting rocks usually have many tiny crystals which lead to the aphanitic texture of extrusive volcanic rocks. Magma that slowly cools at the depth leads to the formation of few but large crystals which result to the phaneritic texture of intrusive volcanic rocks. However, there is always a different texture formation in cases when the magma starts by cooling slowly then starts cooling faster later (Zhang 253). The resulting texture is always referred to as porphyritic texture. The composition of magma is always determined by the abundance of elements that are in the earth. Some of the elements that are usually among the composition of magma include silicon, aluminum, calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, hydrogen, and oxygen. These elements make 99.9% of the elements that are found in the earth. Because of the abundance of oxygen the chemical analysis of volcanic rocks is always done in terms of oxides of the
Friday, November 1, 2019
Coursework on Family Law - Essay Example Family law is a diverse field of study. In order to cover the full range of subjects associated with its research, my primary focus is on discussing the impact of such a study on a variety of disciplines affected by its impact: with this aim in mind I have attempted to test a central hypothesis (or research question) which would aid in deciding the course of action for better evaluation of the family law concept. Using established sources for feasibility study (Hasday, 2004; Stark, 2006; Rocher, 2003; Elardo, 2002; Abu-Odeh, 2004), the following research question has been tested in this essay: Family law is dynamic, in a constant state of flux and its mechanisms are governed by the legal traditions in which they are formulated1. In my study, I shall focus on English Common Law as the basis for this methodological evaluation. Doing it would require a detailed grasp of the following evaluation parameters which have been tested for their relevance to our study (see below). 1 Refer the following sources for a comparative analysis of main research parameters covered under study: Hasday, 2004; Stark, 2006; Rocher, 2003; Elardo, 2002; Abu-Odeh, 2004 Literature Review/research parameters: As has been discussed in our evaluation scenario, English Common Law is the basis for understanding the legal traditions within which this area of study operates. Since family law is a diverse concept, the following elements are within the scope of study (Carbonne, 2000; Esposito, 1982; Frier & Ginn, 2004; Sutherland & McCall-Smith, 1990): 1. Entering marriage: Marriage as a contract or a status and their statutory requirements. In this section, we'll mainly look at the main legal requirements of a common law marriage. 2. Legal consequences of marriage (abortion): Pregnancy and abortion are issues that hold a lot of importance to . 3. Changing marriage norms: Here we shall take a look into civil unions covering themes such as same sex marriage, rights/responsibilities and their implications. 4. Conception of children: Controversial concepts such as sterilization and surrogate parenthood are covered under this theme. Also, paternity testing is discussed. 5. Domestic violence and other family disputes: This is an important area of family law in which different ethical constraints are evaluated for common research scope studies. 6. Child supervision: This covers areas such as parental supervision, child abuse and foster care. 7. Adoption: The legal consequences of adoption have been discussed for understanding the dynamic changes brought into the system through an