Friday, February 1, 2019
Biography of Charles Cromwell :: English Civil War Generals Military Essays
Biography of Charles Cromwell As a general on the parliamentary side of the English Civil War vs. Charles I, Cromwell helped bring virtually the overthrow of the Stuart monarchy, and he raised his countrys status to that of a leading European power since the death of Queen Elizabeth I. Being a man with knockout character made him one of the most remarkable rulers in new-made European history. Although he was a convinced Calvinist he believed deeply in the value of religious toleration. Cromwells victories at home and abroad helped to vitalise a Puritan attitude of mind, in Great Britain and in coupling America, which has continued to influence political and social life until recent times. (Gaunt, 1996)Cromwell, the still discussion of Robert Cromwell and Elizabeth Steward was born in Huntingdon, England in 1599. His obtain, who was active in local affairs, had been a member of one of Queen Elizabeths parliaments. Robert Cromwell died when his son was 18, still his widow live d to the age of 89. Oliver went to the local grammar school and then for a year attended Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge. After his father died he left Cambridge to go premeditation for his mother and sisters but it is believed that he studies at Lincolns Inn in London, where gentlemen could take a smattering of law. In 1620 he married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir crowd together Bourchier, a merchant in London. They had five sons and four daughters. (Kathe, 1984)Both his father and mother were Protestants who had profited from the destruction of the monasteries during the reign of King Henry VIII, and they probably influenced their son in his religious upbringing. Both his schoolmaster in Huntingdon and the Master of Sidney Sussex College were enthusiastic Calvinists and strongly anti-Catholic. In his youth Cromwell was not very studious, since he enjoyed alfresco sports, such as hunting but he was an avid ratifier of the Bible, and he admired Sir Walter Raleighs The History of the World. Cromwell learned that the sins of man could be punish on earth but that God, through His Holy Spirit, could guide the elect into the paths of righteousness. (Kathe, 1984)In the early parts of his married life Cromwell, like his father, was sooner conscious of his responsibilities to his fellow men and concerned himself with affairs in his infixed fenlands, but at the same time he had a religious and psychological struggle which confused him and damaged his health.