Sunday, May 19, 2019

In what ways television affects Essay

force I propose to find out what children say approximately how television affects their play. Socialisation is a real important concept in sociology and the role of the mass media is highly debateable. Many sociologists believe that media effects get weaving by setting out an overall relationship between media and its audience. They atomic number 18 often called models of media effects. I go forth interview the children these interviews pass on be unstructured. The children go out be interviewed separately. Gender go away be a relation I look at to and whether the gender affects whom the children accompany.CONTEXTS AND CONCEPTS The get a line of Bandura Ross and Ross procedures the term of social learning theory to rove that children copy demeanour another example of this is copycat effect prime in H geezerhoodll & Newburns study. In my research impart ask the children whether they say they act violently due to the violent content they may have viewed and whether they have chosen to imitate these programs. Hagell & Newburns study compared young offenders viewing behaviour with non-offending teenagers.They found the differences were few between the two groups and what they watched, with hardly any having seen the films that were causing the concern at that time. A few members of either group had an interest in a violent output. The young offenders had less(prenominal) access to distinguishable media types. Other factors instead of media could have been causing the differences in their behaviour. The other context cosmos analysed is Bandura Ross Ross who looked at whether children learnt behaviour through observation. This is the idea of the social learning theory.Children were made to watch a violent model be aggressive towards a five-foot bobo doll. Later the children were given an aggressive arousal and then taken to another board where they were monitored as to how they reacted towards the bobo doll, after seeing a model do this. The d ifferent concepts are is copycat violence this is violence that occurs as a result of copying what is seen in the media. Catharsis another theory is the functioning where tension is relieved, for example violence on screen that provides a safe outlet for peoples violent inclination.The final concept is desensitisation some theorists argue that the constant media diet of violence makes them less sensitive to real human suffering. These concepts tie in with the idea children are passive sociologists believe this, children act easily to everything. This is the reason for watershed on T. V at 9pm because what comes on television isnt fitting enough for children and in that respect is a fear that the children will imitate this behaviour. (337) MAIN RESEARCH METHOD AND REASONSThe rule I will be using is by interviewing the children by asking them to explain the reason for their behaviour. The questions I will ask the children will be questions not only requiring the answers that I ne ed but there will be a series of distracting questions so the children will not know the aim of the questions macrocosm asked. Interviews are an advantage because it is better to gather all the information needed for an interview because you get to picture what the interviewees true opinions are.Interviews are flexible and can be used in different ways also the ethical advantage is consent of the participants the theoretical advantage is that at applies to the law of interpretivists (Action theory). You can use empathy to understand their opinions in depth these methods generate higher levels of validity of these results. They give a general arrangement of the problem, there is less pressure on the interviewee and their answers are more spontaneous. Important concepts are uncovered about the information that will help me conclude whether the children imitate what they watch.When interviewing the children I will be asking them which programs they imitate and this will give me an insight into whether there is a pattern with what they watch. The render I will be using for the interviews are of children from the ages of five to ten years old, because at this stage of childhood where television will be their main interest and there is a large variety if television for children of these ages also this is the age children are most likely to be influenced by the media.The genders of the children being used are varied so I will be using five boys and five girls. The children all come from the Borough of Newham of East Lon turn in. It is easier for me if the children are living in the same borough there will be an easier access to these children and it will be easier for me and the children. The sample of the children I will be studying is opportunity sampling as the sample depends on whether the adults outfit to their children being in the sample.The consent for whether the child will participate will be the decision of the adults. In Banduras study he gave the c hildren an aggressive arousal and in this study will not do this as the aggressive arousal means that the children could have acted violently because of the arousal given and not because they were imitating the models behaviour. (425) POTNETIAL PROBLEMS The interviews of the get along of children I will be looking at can be very time consuming.With this study I need to be aware that the sample isnt appropriate enough to apply to the entirely population because all the children are from the same place setting and all from a similar ethical background and there may be a pattern in their behaviour. The main practical issue is whether the adults will allow their children to take part in the study. These types of questionnaires are basically a conversation dominates by the interviewer. These unstructured interviews may also go off the initial idea of what is being interviewed.Also with the amount of children I will be looking at and the sample of children I will be looking at there wi ll be a lot of activity so it may be sticky to record all of their behaviour. These interviews are more difficult to analyse, and there are less details provided on the concept being asked. Ethical problems are mental harm to the children if they dont like the questions being asked of them. Right to withdraw will be an ethical issue also because the children may not sense of smell they have the right to leave and stop asking the questions.The final ethical issue is informed consent, which will be coming from the child and not the parents. The children should be able to make the decision but when a child is involved the parents have the consent. Time consumption is a practical issue through decision time to interview ten children. Being able to get the children to understand the question and also to second may be difficult. Likewise another ethical issue is the children may not understand the debriefing. If they dont understand the debriefing there will be an issue of this ethical guideline and the parents will also have to also be debriefed too.

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