Saturday, March 23, 2019
Amenhotep IV and Art and Religion Essay -- History Historical Amenhote
Amenhotep IV and Art and ReligionThe influence Amenhotep IV had on art and righteousness of his time caused him to be one of the virtually con tentious Egyptian pharaohs of all time. The 10th king of the 18th dynasty, he has been called the most remarkable king to sit on Egypts throne. He has also earned the honor of being called the first individual in humane history.1The cult of Aten did develop before his rule, perhaps as former(a) as 1411 B.C. It paid homage to the sun, its central idea was living on maat, that is, variously translated as righteousness, justice, and truth. The doctrine of this organized religion failed to win the approval or support of any but Akhenatens followers. It is said that cult of Aten did not have an ethical code. It centered close to gratitude towards life the sun for life and warmth. Ankh was life the force that the sun-disk (Atens ) rays bestowed on man in most of the art.The people could not pray in a flash to Aten. They directed their prayers instead to the king, who was the only person who could directly pray to Aten. The religion was such an intellectual and introspective nature that the people couldnt examine it. Therefore, it was inevitable that it would not gain popularity.2Akhenatens father was Amenhotep III, who reigned from 1358-1340. He do a break from tradition when he married a commoner, Tiy, who became Akhenatens mother.3 He was raised in a conventional manner, but he eventually showed a preference to worship the god Aten, rather than the traditional Amun. For some time he ruled as co- regent with his father. He changed his name early in his reign from Amenhotep IV to Akhenaten, misbegoting unmatched who pleases Aten. His wife, commonly known as Nefertiti, became Neter-Nefru-Aten, meaning, Beautiful is the beauty of Aten.4When he changed his name, it was like a formal declaration of his new religion. He travel the capital of Egypt to a place now called Tell el - Amarna Akhenaton and in year 6 of his re ign began to build a new metropolis which he called Akhenetaton The Place of Atens Effective Power. He swore an oath never to go beyond the bounds of the city. This is today taken not to mean that he would never leave it, but that he wouldnt vitality the bounds of the city beyond designated boundary stones.5In the first hardly a(prenominal) years Akhenaten instituted some changes. He began to build a place to worship a n... ...nally, with the excavation of Amarna and Thebes, his existence was beyond question. For a good ten years, there records had shown no pharaoh at all.23 Endnotes1Edward Malone, Akhenaton. n.p. 1997, 1.2Breasted, James total heat. A History of Egypt from the soonest Times to the Persian Conquest. (New York Simon and Schuster, 1992), 201.3Edward Malone, Akhenaton.4Ibid.,1.5Ibid. 2.6H.W. Janson. History of Art. (New Jersey Prentice Hall Inc. 1962), 57.7Ibid., 48.8Ibid., 58.9Ibid., 57.10Phillip Vandenberg. The flamboyant Pharoah. (New York Macmillian Publishin g Co., 1980), 49.11Ibid., 51.12Akhenaton Encyclopedia Britannica, Vol. 1, 1989, 188.13Ibid., 189.14Phillip Vandenberg. The Golden Pharoah. 299.15H.W. Hanson. History of Art. 49. 16Ibid., 57.17Phillip Vandenberg. The Golden Pharoah. 299.18James Henry Breasted. A History of Egypt from the Earliest Times to The Persian Conquest. 20219R.J. Williams. Amenhotep and the Hymn to Aten Gods of the past and Near East. (London Thomas Nelson, 1958), 2.20Ibid., 1.22Edward Malone. Akhenaton.3.23Phillip Vandenberg. The Golden Pharoah. 97.