Tuesday, February 26, 2019
Plato theory of forms Essay
Plato was a duellist and thus believed that on that point are two homos the material world and the world of ideas/Forms. The world of ideas or Forms is the true macrocosm and the world of appearances is just reflections of world of Forms. Plato believed that our knowledge of the Forms was a priori which means that our souls knew the Forms in advance it was inside us, therefore we have knowledge prior to experiencing the objects with our senses.Plato believes everyone is born with an a priori but imperfect understanding of the Forms. He also believes the philosopher is able, through utilize his intellect, to achieve true knowledge of the creep Forms without using his senses. Platos possible action of Forms can be seen as unbelievable to some who believe that abstract ideas e. g table, horse, beauty are actually names that have been invented to dish out people describe their experiences of the physical world.This is a materialistic view as it suggests that objects in this wor ld are the real reality and our ideas can obtain based on experience of things. Aristotle agrees with this and believes knowledge is gained through experience and that there is not an eternal being of Forms that is a priori to us. However, in Platos defence force some believe that each variety of a Form shares a likeness for example each horse is slightly different besides they all share something that makes it resemble a horse.According to Bertrand Russell, Platos possible action made a very important advance in philosophy, since it is the root to emphasise the problem of universals. Platos theory is often regarded as unconvincing due to the fact that Plato believes that every object and idea in the world of appearances is an imperfect copy of an image or Form in the World of Forms. This suggests that there is a perfect Form of things such as a cinema ticket, mud or an insect and so on. According to Bertrand Russell, his ideas of the Forms when interpreted to its extreme.