Friday, January 25, 2019
Chinese Lion Dance
Chinese social king of beasts saltation The king of beasts jump is a traditional dance performed in the Chinese culture. The performers mimic the moves of the social lion inside a rig out that looks in a personal manner like a lion. Many plenty who atomic number 18 not very familiar with the social lion terpsichore often gets it distressed with the Dragon saltation, since both atomic number 18 performed, for the most part, for the same occasions. It is simple to break the dickens dances apart. The social lion jump is performed most of the time with solo two state. The Dragon spring is performed with many another(prenominal) people.In the Dragon Dance multiple people argon inside the dragon costume h archaicing up poles, whereas in the Lion Dance, there is someone holding the period of the lion and other person in the spine of the lion costume acting as a rear of the lion. Lions were not origin totallyy from China. They came there through what was called the S ilk Road. The rulers in what is today known as Iran and Afghanistan sent the lions over to the Chinese emperors as a gift in exchange to get the mighty to profession with the Silk Road merchants. This form of Lion Dance dates all the path guts to the Han Dynasty, which was from 205 B.C. E. to 220 C. E. in China. The peak of the Lion Dance was during the Tang Dynasty, which was from 716 to 907 C. E. It was mainly danced during sacred festivals to celebrate. The dance eventually became so famous that it was exported to Japan as a formal court entertainment. The Lion Dance soon made its way to Korea and Taiwan. The Lion Dance is not exactly the same in all the countries, but the meaning and symbol of the dance argon similar. There are many different stories of how the Lion Dance got its origins. One famous floor is called The Emperors Dream. This story states how the emperor of the Tang Dynasty had a aspiration about how a strange shaft came to his rescue. When he described his ambitiousness to some advisors, they told him that the savage he described resembled that of a lion, a creature from the Western Hemisphere. The emperor wherefore created the lion dance to honor the creature which saved his life inside of his dream. Another story of how the Lion Dance got its origins is called The Story of the Nian. Legends say that there was a fierce monster by the name of Nian that liked to kidnap children.He attacked villages every year until one year, a lion defeated the Nian and chased it away. The monster promised that it will be back to seek revenge. This time the villagers did not substantiate a lion to nurture themselves. As a result, they solved the problem by creating a costume like that of a lion and two villagers wore the costume to scud Nian away. This is the former the lion dance is performed every Chinese New Year, so that Nian would not come back. The legend too says that loud noises from the drum, other instruments, and firecrackers helpe d scare the Nian away.The colouring material red is worn during the New Years celebration because it was as well believed that the Nian, was afraid of the color red. The word Nian, thought the yearly ceremony, has become the Chinese word for year. There are two different styles of the Chinese Lion Dance, the Southern Style and the northern Style. The older and traditional form of Chinese Lion Dance is the Southern Style. The Chinese Southern Lion Dance originated from Guangdong, a providence of China. The costumes of Lion Dance vary widely, but the lion query designs shows much differences.The traditional Fo Shan Lion, has bristles instead of fur and weighs much than the current costumes. The back ends are extremely long and are rectangular to the head for three fourths of the croupes length. The eyes alike move left and right. On the back of the costume, there are gold foiled rims and traditional characters verbal expression the groups name. Older Liu Bei lions also have black in the tail, while the new ones do not. The Gwan Gung has a red and black tail with etiolated trim. The Huang Joon has a full yellow tail with clean-living trim. The Zhang Fei has a black and white tail with white trim and a white underside.The Zhao Zi Long lion is a light-green lion with a green tail with black trim and also a white underside. both the traditional style Fo Shan have take off-up teeth, tongue, swivelling eyes, and a gold princely area on the back for the schools name and also the underside of the tail is white. The designs of the tail are also squarer and contain a rhombus blueprint going down the back it is also common to see and unwrap bells attached to the tail. Although most lion dance costumes comes with a set of duplicate pants, some practitioners use black Kung-Fu pants to look more traditional. The Wong people perform the lion dance using this type of lion.The newer styles of lions for Fo Shan step in all the bristles with fur and the tails a re shorter than the traditional ones. They eyes are fixed in place, and the tongue and teeth do not pop up. The tail is curvier in design. The tail does not have a diamond pattern, and lacks bells. In addition, the dancers unwrap flashier pants which lack the ease of movement allowed when vesture Kung-Fu pants. The Chinese northern Style of Chinese Lion Dance is performed commonly with two lions. The lions of the North have shaggy orange and yellow hair. The way to tell these lions apart by gender is to see the bow on the head.The feminines don a green bow while the male lions wear a red bow. Acrobatics are very common with the Northern Style, with stunts like lifts or balancing on a giant ball. Northern lions sometimes appear as a family, with two large large(p) lions and a pair of small young lions. Different colors on the costumes of the lions represent the different elements of life. The yellow represents earth, black represents water, green represents wood, red represents fire, and white represents metal. The nose of the lions is usually a green color. Green symbolizes good luck, prosperity, and the shape of heaven. Attached to the forehead of the lion is a mirror. The mirror is said to scare away evil spirits by reflecting their own image against them, and also the ability to travel between heaven and earth. The costumes of the lions used for Chinese Lion Dance can only be custom made in specialty craft shops in rural parts of China and have to be imported at considerable expense for foreign countries distant Asia. For groups in Western countries, such as the United States, is made workable through funds raised through subscriptions and pledges made by members of topical anaesthetic cultural and business societies.Special hand-made costumes with different add-ons can run up to 2000 dollars on some websites. Some countries, like Malaysia for example, has a really big Chinese population. As a result, local expertise whitethorn be usable in makin g the lion costumes and musical instruments without having to get them imported from China. The head of the lion contains a symbol of many different animals itself. The horn is shape like a bird for the phoenix, symbol for life and regeneration, also associated with representing the female element.The ears and the tail are shaped like a mystical creature, the Chinese unicorn, representing wisdom and good luck. The spine represents the snake, charm and wealth. The back hump of the head represents the tortoise which is the symbol for living a long life. The forehead and the beard are from the dragon, strength, leadership and the male element. The music associated to the Lion Dance is with instruments used live, right next to the performers. The music of drums, cymbals, and gongs are heard and the dance is synchronized with the start of the song.There are also firecrackers, which is used to add on to the sounds as well. During Chinese New Year, different groups from different Chinese soldierly art schools travel to the house and businesses of the Chinese community to perform what is called cai ching. The word cai ching translates to plucking the greens. What this is, is when a lion goes on a quest or journey to pluck the green, commonly vegs, like lettuce which in Chinese called cai and fruits like oranges tied to a redness Envelope containing money either hang highly or scarce roll on a table in front of the premises.The lion will dance to approach the cai and red envelope in a manner of that of a curious cat. It will then get the vegetable and red envelope. After, the cat will eat the vegetable (rip it up and expend it back out), and keep the red envelope containing money for their group. The lion dance is said to bring good luck and fortune to the businesses. Not only is the dance only done during Chinese New Year, but also in other religious festivals, business openings, birthday celebrations, and wedding celebrations.In the old days, the lettuce was hung 15 to 20 feet above ground and only a well-trained martial artist could reach the money while dancing with a glowering lion head. These events became challenging so a very large supply of money was rewarded, and the audience expected a good show. Sometimes, if lions from multiple martial arts schools approached the lettuce at the same time, the lions are supposed to fight to get back a winner. The lions had to fight with lion moves instead of chaotic street chip styles. The audience would judge the quality of the martial art schools according to how the lions fought.Since the schools character was at stake, the fights were usually fierce but civilized. The winner lion would then use creative methods and martial art skills to reach the high-hanging reward. Some lions may dance on bamboo stilts and some may step on human being pyramids formed by students of the school to reach the cai ching. The performers and the schools would gain praise and reward on top of the la rge money reward when they did well. During the 1950s to 1960s, areas with many Chinese communities, such as Chinatown, had people who resembled that of a gangster who conjugate these Chinese Lion Dance groups.There were lots of fights between these Lion Dance groups and kung fu schools. This worried many parents, which caused the parents to avoid letting their children join these schools. During festivals and performances, when Lion Dance groups met up, there would be fights between the groups. Some lifts and acrobatic tricks are designed for the lion to fight and knock over other rival lions. Performers even hid daggers in their shoes and clothes, which could be used to injure other lion dancers legs.Some even attached a metal horn on their lions forehead, which could be used to slash other lion heads. The ferocity got so extreme that at one point that the Hong Kong government had to put a stop to lion dance completely. Now Lion Dance groups must attain a permit from the governm ent in ordain to perform the Lion Dance. Although there is still a certain stagecoach of competitiveness, the groups are a lot less violent and aggressive than they were in the 1950s to 1960s. In modern day, the Chinese Lion Dance is seen as a sport and is more of something to do during free time.