Friday, April 5, 2019
Origins of Psychology Essay Example for Free
Origins of Psychology EssayThis theory was developed by Sigmund Freud in the early 1900s and paved the way for modern psychology in the early 1900s. This theory deals with the deep, informal and mysterious core of the human being psyche, in search of understanding the psychology of the human being. It is also near connected with evolutionary perspectives on mortalality. Behaviorist The primary focus of the bearingal perspective is on fashion and the influence of the external environment in shaping of the individuals behavior. Teaching, therefore, refers to the environmental conditions that ar consistent and presented to students.Some of the key behaviorist theorists in the field of psychology are viz. , John Watson, B. F. Skinner, and E. L. Thorndike. Teachers who mould from behaviorist theory head for the hills towards active learning (or learning by doing). The teacher determines all of the skills ask to achieve the desired behavior and students learn them in a st ep-by-step manner. Humanist The focus of the human-centered perspective is on the self, which translates into YOU, and your perception of your experiences. This veiw argues that you are free to choose your own behavior, rather than reacting to environmental stimuli and reinforcers.Issues transaction with self-esteem, self-fulfillment, and needs are paramount. The major focus is to facilitate personal development. Two major theorists associated with this view are Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow. Cognitive The school of psychology that examines internal mental processes, such as creativity, perception, thinking, problem solving, memory, and language. Cognitive psychologists are interested in how a person understands, diagnoses, and solves a problem, concerning themselves with the mental processes that mediate between stimulus and solution (Garvey,1999)Neuro-scientific / Bio-psychological The neuro-scientific framework seeks to relate behavior and mind to the brain. The important o verall point of a neuro-scientific perspective is that analyses of traffic pattern or abnormal function need to be informed by an understanding of the brain structures and processes that experience the function. Psychiatrists need to monitor emerging work that highlights the need for both a neuro-scientific and medical perspective in the management of complex disorders. Evolutionary Evolutionary psychology is the science that seeks to explain through universal mechanisms of behavior why humans act the way they do. Evolutionary psychology seeks to reconstruct problems that our ancestors faced in their rude environments, and the problem-solving mechanisms they created to meet those particular challenges. From these reconstructed problem-solving adaptations, the science then attempts to establish the customary roots of our ancestral behavior, and how those common behavioral roots are manifested today in the widely scattered cultures of the planet.The goal is to understand human beh avior that is universally aimed at the passing of ones genes into the next generation. Socio-cultural The social-cultural perspective concentrates on the culture of a grouping of individuals or society as a whole rather than the individual. To understand why people tend to show certain behavior traits, mental health clinicians look at what affects the community as a group of individuals might have on their own thought processes. Some of the questions pondered are if a person behaves a certain way to be accepted or commits an act because it is accepted amongst their society.